Efficacy and Safety of Alogliptin in Elderly Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Hiroshi Takeda, Nobuo Sasai, Shogo Ito, Mitsuo Obana, Tetsuo Takuma, Masahiko Takai, Hideaki Kaneshige, Hideo Machimura, Akira Kanamori, Ikuro Matsuba

Abstract


Background: In Japan, with increasing age of the population, diabetic patients often become in need of hemodialysis due to diabetic nephropathy, and thus there is a demand for development of diabetic treatments that take into account renal effects in the elderly. No previous studies of alogliptin had focused on Japanese elderly subjects; we therefore assessed the effects of alogliptin in elderly individuals using available data.

Methods: Laboratory data were compiled for 1 year at intervals of 3 months following the start of alogliptin treatment. The subjects were divided into three groups by age: < 65 years (n = 110), 65 - 74 years (n = 87), and ≥ 75 years (n = 93). Laboratory values in comparison with baseline were compared within groups at various time points, and changes from baseline were compared among the different groups.

Results: Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels decreased significantly from baseline values in all groups at and after month 3: the change at month 12 was -0.74±1.45% for the age group < 65, -0.47±1.02% for the age group 65 - 74, and -0.42±1.11% for the age group ≥ 75. The 12-month change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was -6.5 ± 12.0 for the age group < 65, -2.0 ± 8.4 for the age group 65 - 74, and -1.5 ± 10.0 for the age group ≥ 75; the reduction in the age group < 65 was significant, whereas the reduction in the age groups ≥ 65 was not.

Conclusions: Alogliptin significantly lowers HbA1c levels in the elderly and can be used without posing any safety issues, including renal effects, thus contributing to safe blood glucose control in clinical practice.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(9):651-663
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3953


Keywords


Type 2 diabetes; Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor; Alogliptin; eGFR; Elderly

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