Efficacy and Safety of Alogliptin in Elderly Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Hiroshi Takeda, Nobuo Sasai, Shogo Ito, Mitsuo Obana, Tetsuo Takuma, Masahiko Takai, Hideaki Kaneshige, Hideo Machimura, Akira Kanamori, Ikuro Matsuba

Abstract


Background: In Japan, with increasing age of the population, diabetic patients often become in need of hemodialysis due to diabetic nephropathy, and thus there is a demand for development of diabetic treatments that take into account renal effects in the elderly. No previous studies of alogliptin had focused on Japanese elderly subjects; we therefore assessed the effects of alogliptin in elderly individuals using available data.

Methods: Laboratory data were compiled for 1 year at intervals of 3 months following the start of alogliptin treatment. The subjects were divided into three groups by age: < 65 years (n = 110), 65 - 74 years (n = 87), and ≥ 75 years (n = 93). Laboratory values in comparison with baseline were compared within groups at various time points, and changes from baseline were compared among the different groups.

Results: Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels decreased significantly from baseline values in all groups at and after month 3: the change at month 12 was -0.74±1.45% for the age group < 65, -0.47±1.02% for the age group 65 - 74, and -0.42±1.11% for the age group ≥ 75. The 12-month change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was -6.5 ± 12.0 for the age group < 65, -2.0 ± 8.4 for the age group 65 - 74, and -1.5 ± 10.0 for the age group ≥ 75; the reduction in the age group < 65 was significant, whereas the reduction in the age groups ≥ 65 was not.

Conclusions: Alogliptin significantly lowers HbA1c levels in the elderly and can be used without posing any safety issues, including renal effects, thus contributing to safe blood glucose control in clinical practice.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(9):651-663
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3953


Keywords


Type 2 diabetes; Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor; Alogliptin; eGFR; Elderly

Full Text: HTML PDF Suppl1 Suppl2 Suppl3

 

 

 

 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jocmr.org   editorial contact: editor@jocmr.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.