Tracheobronchial Tuberculosis Without Lung Involvement

Jeronimo Campos, Glenda Ernst, Eduardo Borsini, Artemio Garcia, Miguel Blasco, Martin Bosio, Alejandro Salvado

Abstract


Endotracheal tuberculosis (ETTB) is an infrequent form of tuberculosis whose major feature is the infection of the tracheobronchial tree by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This case presents a 73-year-old man admitted to our hospital with fatigue, weakness, dry cough and weight loss. His chest X-ray was normal but the high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) showed normal parenchyma images with mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. There was inflammation of the tracheal wall and infiltrates in pavement epithelium; however, the tracheal biopsy for acid-fast bacilli was negative. He was finally diagnosed by endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) of the lymph nodes. Four drugs were prescribed and symptoms improved. EBUS-TBNA contributed to prompt diagnosis. The patient was treated and evolved without complications, such as tracheal stenosis.




J Clin Med Res. 2015;7(8):646-648
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2182w

Keywords


Tracheobronchial tuberculosis; EBUS-TBNA

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