Recurring ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction With No-Reflow Caused by Hypercoagulable State: A Behcet Disease Case Report

Ahmed Hegazi Abdelsamie, Nayef Al-Asiri


Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in young patients is an important issue because of its impact on health and social life. The mechanisms and disease courses of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in young individuals may differ from those in the elderly. Behcet disease (BD) is a multisystem autoimmune disorder of unknown etiology. Cardiac involvement is rare, yet it was reported to affect 6% of patients, with 17% of the cases presenting as the first manifestation. We present the case of a 33-year-old male heavy smoker with negative medical history, who presented with acute inferior myocardial infarction. His coronary angiography showed huge thrombosis in proximal right coronary artery. He was treated with primary coronary intervention and implantation of drug-eluting stent, with subsequent intervention and implantation of two more drug-eluting stents due to acute stent thrombosis within 48 h. Rheumatologic assessment revealed the history of four different attacks of oral ulcers and one attack of genital ulcer. His workup showed positive human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allele (B51) which is strongly associated with BD. AMI in young adults due to arterial thrombosis can be attributed to hypercoagulable state related to early manifestation of BD. Increased knowledge of AMI in young adults and its presentation in BD is necessary to reduce morbidity and mortality. Corticosteroids and colchicine may improve cardiac manifestations in BD.

J Clin Med Res. 2024;16(5):264-271


Acute myocardial infarction; ST-elevation myocardial infarction; Pericarditis; Behcet disease

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