Retrospective Study of IDegLira, a New Fixed-Ratio Combination, in Japanese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Analysis of Background Factors Affecting Effectiveness After 6 Months of Treatment

Hodaka Yamada, Jun Morimoto, Shunsuke Funazaki, Shiori Tonezawa, Asuka Takahashi, Masashi Yoshida, Shuichi Nagashima, Kazuo Hara


Background: The aim of the study was to provide real-world data on the effectiveness and safety of a new fixed-ratio combination, insulin degludec/liraglutide (IDegLira) injection in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Methods: The primary endpoint was the change in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level 6 months after the introduction of IDegLira. We also examined the rate of achievement of target HbA1c 7% and the individualized HbA1c targets set for each patient. Baseline characteristics associated with the change in HbA1c were also assessed. Seventy-five patients with T2DM were included in the analysis.

Results: After the initiation of IDegLira, HbA1c decreased significantly from baseline with a change of -1.81% (baseline 9.61% and at 6 months 7.80%; P < 0.001). At baseline, the achievement rate of 7% HbA1c was 2.67% (n = 2), which increased to 36.0% (n = 27) after 6 months of IDegLira introduction (P < 0.05). The attainment rate of individualized HbA1c targets, which were set considering each patients characteristics, improved from 2.67% (n = 2) to 49.3% (n = 37) (P < 0.001). Regardless of sex, body mass index, estimated glomerular filtration rate, duration of diabetes, or history of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist use, IDegLira significantly reduced HbA1c, but a higher C-peptide index was associated with a greater reduction in HbA1c.

Conclusion: In this study, initiation of IDegLira in a real-world clinical setting was beneficial in lowering HbA1c in Japanese T2DM patients with inadequate glycemic control with existing therapy.

J Clin Med Res. 2023;15(8-9):406-414


Insulin degludec/liraglutide; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; C-peptide; Diabetes therapy; Pancreatic beta-cell function

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