Combined Gluteal and Posterior Thigh Compartment Syndrome Without Associated Fracture: A Case Report

Paschalis Gavriilidis, Francisco Reyes Milian, Damir Kacarevic, Derek Burke


Compartment syndrome usually occurs after trauma, fracture, or compression injuries. To the authors best knowledge, this is the first reported case in the medical literature of a combined gluteal and posterior thigh compartment syndrome after an accidental fall without an associated fracture. A 65-year-old man attended the emergency department of the general hospital in a remote island complaining of a swollen painful thigh. He reported that 24 h previously he had an accidental slip and fall on his overstretching right leg. Physical examination revealed right posterior thigh edema, tenderness, paraesthesia, and firmness to palpation. Any attempt to flex the knee provoked pain of intensity 10/10. In addition, there was blue discoloration over the lower half of the gluteal region, non-compressible tense swelling, and pain of intensity 10/10 elicited with passive range of motion of the hip. Compartment syndrome was considered and consequently, fasciotomy of the gluteal and posterior thigh compartments was performed under spinal anesthesia. Compartment syndrome is a surgical emergency. In a remote island, it must be considered and treated early because any delayed diagnosis may lead to loss of an extremity, kidney failure, sepsis and even death.

J Clin Med Res. 2022;14(4):170-173


Posterior thigh compartment; Gluteal compartment; Compartment syndrome; Fasciotomy

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