Clinical Significance of the Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index in Postmenopausal Women With Hypercholesterolemia

Takashi Hitsumoto

Abstract


Background: The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a physiological indicator of arterial elasticity. However, limited information regarding the clinical significance of the CAVI in patients with hypercholesterolemia is available. This cross-sectional study aimed to elucidate the clinical significance of the CAVI for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among postmenopausal women with hypercholesterolemia.

Methods: A total of 168 untreated postmenopausal hypercholesterolemic women (low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels ≥ 140 mg/dL, mean age ± standard deviation, 63 ± 10 years) with no history of CVD events were enrolled. The CAVI was measured using commercial devices, after which, its relationships with various clinical parameters, such as carotid artery ultrasonography findings and CVD biomarkers, were examined.

Results: A significant positive correlation was observed between the CAVI and maximum intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery (max-C-IMT), which was evaluated using carotid artery ultrasonography (r = 0.49, P < 0.001). Regarding CVD biomarkers, the CAVI was significantly correlated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (r = -0.18, P < 0.001), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (r = 0.36, P < 0.001), whole blood passage time as a marker of blood rheology (r = 0.41, P < 0.001), and skin autofluorescence as a marker of advanced glycation end products in tissues (r = 0.46, P < 0.001), although no significant correlation was noted between serum lipid parameters and the CAVI. Multiple regression analysis identified max-C-IMT (β = 0.35, P < 0.001), whole blood passage time (β = 0.18, P = 0.007), skin autofluorescence (β = 0.17, P = 0.011), and age (β = 0.16, P = 0.018) as variables independently associated with CAVI.

Conclusion: The present study indicated that the CAVI is an essential CVD risk factor among postmenopausal women with hypercholesterolemia. Moreover, impaired blood rheology and increase of skin autofluorescence were associated with elevated CAVI in such patients.




J Clin Med Res. 2021;13(5):276-282
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4509

Keywords


Cardio-ankle vascular index; Hypercholesterolemia; Postmenopausal women; Carotid atherosclerosis; Skin autofluorescence; Blood rheology; Cardiovascular risk factors

Full Text: HTML PDF

 

 

 

 

Browse  Journals  

 

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

 

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

 

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

 

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

 

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 
       
 

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jocmr.org   editorial contact: editor@jocmr.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.