Serum Uric Acid, Serum Uric Acid to Serum Creatinine Ratio and Serum Bilirubin in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease: A Case-Control Study

Chayanon Songsomboon, Surat Tanprawate, Atiwat Soontornpun, Chayasak Wantaneeyawong, Worawit Louthrenoo


Background: Studies have shown that a low serum uric acid (SUA) level associates with Parkinson’s disease (PD), but many of them did not exclude patients with impaired renal function. Studies on the association between serum bilirubin level and PD also are limited. This study determined the association between SUA level, SUA/serum creatinine (SCr) ratio and serum bilirubin levels in PD patients with normal renal and liver functions.

Methods: The PD patients from a neurological clinic, and the controls from the club for the elderly, were recruited into this study. The PD stage and motor and non-motor function were determined by the Hoehn-Yahr (H&Y) scale and unified Parkinson’s disease rating scale (UPDRS), respectively.

Results: Sixty-one PD patients and 135 controls participated. The SUA/SCr ratio, but not SUA, was significantly lower in the PD patients than in the controls (4.12 ± 0.90 vs. 4.59 ± 1.04, P = 0.003). Serum total bilirubin (TB) and indirect bilirubin (IDB) were significantly higher in the PD patients (7.92 ± 3.67 µmol/L vs. 6.59 ± 2.78 µmol/L, P = 0.003 and 4.52 ± 2.48 µmol/L vs. 3.26 ± 1.82 µmol/L, P < 0.001), respectively. Serum TB and IDB, but not SUA or SUA/SCr ratio, were associated negatively with PD stages (P = 0.010 and P = 0.014, respectively). There was no association between TB, IDB, SUA or SUA/SCr ratio and PD disease duration or motor subtypes. No significant correlation was found between SUA or SUA/SCr ratio, serum TB and IDB.

Conclusion: The SUA/SCr ratio is more sensitive than SUA in determining their association with PD. The high serum TB and IDB levels in PD patients compared with the controls suggest that serum bilirubin might play a role in the pathogenesis of PD. However, the lack of association between SUA or the SUA/SCr ratio and serum TB or IDB suggests that these two biomarkers play a different role in the etiopathogenesis of PD.

J Clin Med Res. 2020;12(3):172-179


Uric acid; Serum uric acid to serum creatinine ratio; Serum bilirubin; Parkinson’s disease; Movement disorders

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