Relation Between Central Venous, Peripheral Venous and Arterial Lactate Levels in Patients With Sepsis in the Emergency Department

Dimitrios Velissaris, Vasileios Karamouzos, Nikolaos Dimitrios Pantzaris, Ourania Kyriakopoulou, Charalampos Gogos, Menelaos Karanikolas


Background: Sepsis and multi-organ failure remain a major clinical problem with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. Lactate measurement remains part of the initial assessment and management of patients with sepsis. Although arterial blood is most commonly used for lactate measurement, there is increasing use of peripheral venous lactate for initial assessment and for monitoring of response to treatment in patients with sepsis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between lactate levels measured from central line, peripheral vein and arterial line in patients treated for sepsis in the emergency department (ED).

Methods: This prospective study enrolled 31 patients with diagnosis of sepsis who were evaluated and treated in the ED of a university hospital. During initial resuscitation, blood samples from the artery, peripheral vein and central vein (when available) were collected and lactate concentrations were measured. Correlation between lactate values from the three different locations was assessed using Pearson correlation. Bland-Altman plots were used to evaluate agreement between lactate measurements in different sampling locations. All patients were eventually admitted to the Internal Medicine Department ward or to the intensive care unit (ICU) for further treatment.

Results: Our data showed strong, highly significant correlation between arterial and peripheral venous lactate levels (r = 0.880, P < 0.0001), between arterial and central venous blood lactate (r = 0.898, P < 0.0001) and between central and peripheral venous blood lactate (r = 0.941, P < 0.0001).

Conclusions: In this study we observed strong correlation between arterial, central vein and peripheral vein lactate concentrations in 31 patients assessed and treated for sepsis. We suggest that lactate measurement in peripheral venous blood could be used for screening and for monitoring response to therapy in sepsis patients. However, because this is a small study in only 31 patients and published data are limited, larger studies are needed in order to confirm the validity of our findings.

J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(9):629-634


Sepsis; Arterial lactate; Peripheral venous lactate; Central venous lactate; Monitoring; Resuscitation

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.