Prognostic Factors of Functional Outcome Assessed by Using the Modified Rankin Scale in Subacute Ischemic Stroke

Siriphan Kongsawasdi, Jakkrit Klaphajone, Pakorn Wivatvongvana, Kanokwan Watcharasaksilp

Abstract


Background: Most stroke survivors spent their lifetime with disability which not only affects the clients themselves and the family but also brings economic cost to the country. Therefore, this retrospective cohort study aimed to identify independent prognostic determinants associated with functional recovery in ischemic stroke within 6 months after onset.

Methods: Data from all first-onset ischemic stroke patients admitted to the acute stroke unit of the tertiary, university hospital were reviewed for 5 years consecutively. The functional outcome of the patients was recorded during 6-month follow-up by using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Baseline characteristics, motor assessment and all stroke-related variables were assessed during first week after stroke and 6-month follow-up. In order to derive clinical predictors, the backward stepwise multivariable risk regression analyses were used with the generalized linear model.

Results: The result revealed that in the 358 patients recruited into this study, 255 (71.2%) were in the functional recovery group (mRS score of 1 - 3) within 6 months after onset. The final model of multivariable risk regression analysis, with generalized linear model, demonstrated that the independent variables of functional recovery were leg score with a risk ratio (RR = 1.92, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.14 - 3.21, P = 0.013), arm score (RR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.02 - 3.01, P = 0.042) and age older than 75 years (RR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.04 - 1.77, P = 0.025).

Conclusions: Achieving functional recovery during 6 months post stroke was related to age and motor improvement. With limited resources, continuity of rehabilitation training in the community system or allocation of caregiver training should be a part of discharge planning to promote recovery.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(5):375-382
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3799


Keywords


Functional outcome; Modified Rankin; Predictor; Prognostic factor; Risk ratio; Stroke outcome

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