Risk Factors of Hypoglycemic Encephalopathy and Prolonged Hypoglycemia in Patients With Severe Hypoglycemia

Rika Saikawa, Hodaka Yamada, Daisuke Suzuki, Misato Amamoto, Yuko Matsumoto, Shunsuke Funazaki, Masashi Yoshida, Hideo Toyoshima, Kazuo Hara

Abstract


Background: The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors of hypoglycemic encephalopathy (HE) in patients with severe hypoglycemia.

Methods: We retrospectively enrolled patients with severe hypoglycemia who were transported to the emergency department in an ambulance. We defined severe hypoglycemia as plasma glucose level < 60 mg/dL (or capillary levels < 50 mg/dL). HE was defined as severe hypoglycemia with altered level of consciousness (Glasgow coma scale < 12) and prolonged HE as coma or stupor lasting > 24 h after glucose administration. We compared several parameters between patients with and without HE and between prolonged and recovered patients.

Results: Included were 173 patients with severe hypoglycemia; of them, 94 were diagnosed with HE, with 12 of them prolonged HE. Glucose level in HE patients was lower than that in those without HE (P < 0.001). Moreover, we noted a significant difference in glucose levels between the prolonged and recovered groups. Furthermore, body temperature was higher in prolonged versus recovered patients (P = 0.0017).

Conclusion: Blood glucose level may be correlated with severity of altered level of consciousness. In addition, body temperature may be related to coma or prolonged stupor.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(3):213-218
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3728


Keywords


Hypoglycemic encephalopathy; Severe hypoglycemia; Body temperature

Full Text: HTML PDF Suppl1 Suppl2

 

 

 

 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jocmr.org   editorial contact: editor@jocmr.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

DECLARATION: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!