Adult-Onset Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Duodenitis

Emmanuel Ofori, Daryl Ramai, Mel A. Ona, Charilaos Papafragkakis, Madhavi Reddy

Abstract


Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is an immune-mediated vasculitis. HSP presents with purple spots on the skin (purpura), arthralgia, digestive problems, and kidney injury. HSP is most commonly seen in children, and rarely presents in adults. The pathogenesis involves the deposition of immune complexes in small to medium size blood vessels which leads to necrosis and inflammation. Most patients recover after symptomatic treatment, while more severe cases are treated with steroids. We report a 28-year-old female patient who presented with two episodes of hematemesis, worsening abdominal pain, and bloody diarrhea. Physical examination showed erythematous, palpable, purpuric rashes on her thighs and lower legs. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan showed thickening of the duodenal wall, and upper endoscopy revealed mild gastric erythema and diffuse erythematous, hemorrhagic, friable mucosa with superficial, thick, adherent white exudate seen in the second portion of the duodenum, consistent with the diagnosis of HSP. We report on the clinical presentation of our patient, and review adult-onset HSP.




J Clin Med Res. 2017;9(11):958-961
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3181w


Keywords


Henoch-Schonlein purpura; Vasculitis; Duodenitis; Adult-onset; Gastrointestinal bleed

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