Efficacy of Statin Monotherapy or in Combination With Coenzyme A Capsule in Patients With Metabolic Syndrome and Mixed Dyslipidemia

Jiangtao Lai, Bifeng Wu, Tianming Xuan, Shudong Xia, Zhong Liu, Junzhu Chen


Background: Patients with metabolic syndrome are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Combination lipid-lowering therapy is often needed in patients with metabolic syndrome and mixed dyslipidemia. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of statin combined with a new hypolipidemic agent, coenzyme A (CoA) with moderate-dose statin monotherapy in subjects with metabolic syndrome and mixed dyslipidemia by evaluating data from a subgroup of patients with metabolic syndrome and mixed dyslipidemia from a previously conducted randomized study.

Methods: In the present post hoc analysis, 212 patients were included, receiving statin monotherapy (n = 94) or statin combined with CoA 400 U/day (n = 118) for 8 weeks. The lipoprotein profile was determined at baseline and week 8 visits. Attainment of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) < 100 mg/dL, non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) < 130 mg/dL, and the combined goal of these two parameters was also evaluated.

Results: The mean percent change was more prominent with CoA plus statin compared with placebo plus statin in triglyceride (TG) (-32.5% vs. -8.7%, respectively; P = 0.0002), total cholesterol (-9.6% vs. -3.6%, P = 0.013), LDL-C (-7.5% vs. 2.1%, P = 0.033), and non-HDL-C (-14.3% vs. -6.4%, P = 0.011). Treatment with CoA plus statin resulted in larger percentages of participants attaining lipid goals for LDL-C (70.3% vs. 56.4%, P = 0.044), non-HDL-C (60.2% vs. 45.7%, P = 0.039), and the combined goal of LDL-C and non-HDL-C (57.6% vs. 42.6%, P = 0.038) than statin monotherapy.

Conclusion: These results demonstrate that CoA plus statin therapy was more effective in improving lipoprotein parameters than statin alone in patients with metabolic syndrome and mixed hyperlipidemia.

J Clin Med Res. 2015;7(6):446-452
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2124w


Coenzyme A; Hypertriglyceridemia; Dyslipidemia; Metabolic syndrome; Combination therapy

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