Evaluation of Risk Factors for Recurrent Wheezing Episodes

Abdulkadir Bozaykut, Ahu Paketci, Rabia Gonul Sezer, Cem Paketci

Abstract


Background: We aimed to evaluate the risk factors for recurrent wheezing in patients diagnosed with acute bronchiolitis.

Method: From 2009 to 2011, 500 patients from the pediatric clinics, with first attack of acute bronchiolitis were included in this prospective study. Each patient’s age, gender, birth weight, duration of breastfeeding, family history of atopy and asthma, smoking exposure, source of heating in the house, the presence of pets, any history of chronic disease have been questioned. The patients were followed for a duration of 12 - 24 months.

Results: In this study, 39% (n = 195) of the cases were female and 61% (n = 305) were male, with a median age of 3 months old. Male gender, low birth weight (< 2,500 g), low gestational age (< 37 weeks), breastfeeding of less than 6 months, congenital heart disease, family history of atopy, asthma, smoking exposure, stove warming, was found as significant risk factors for recurrent wheezing, however, presence of pets at home was found to be a protective factor.

Conclusions: Informing parents about the risk factors such as exposure to cigarette smoke, heating mode, duration of breastfeeding can significantly decrease recurrent episodes of wheezing.




doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4021/jocmr1543w


Keywords


Bronchiolitis; Breastfeeding duration; Infant; Risk factors; Smoking; Wheezing

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