Primary Aldosteronism With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Requires More Antihypertensive Drugs for Blood Pressure Control: A Retrospective Observational Study

Kennosuke Ohashi, Takeshi Hayashi, Yui Watanabe, Koichiro Hara, Rikako Ukichi, Hiroshi Asano, Hirofumi Suzuki, Kenji Yamashiro, Katsuyoshi Tojo, Masaya Sakamoto, Kazunori Utsunomiya

Abstract


Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) and primary aldosteronism (PA) have been reported to induce drug-resistant hypertension and atherosclerosis. It is likely that blood pressure (BP) control becomes far more difficult in PA patients with DM. However, precise clinical characteristics of PA with type 2 DM especially in the aspect of BP control are not clear.

Methods: The study included 18 patients who were diagnosed as PA with DM and 52 PA patients without DM who matched age and sex and chosen as a control group. We have compared differences in BP control, use of antihypertensive agents and clinical characteristics between PA patients with and without DM.

Results: There was no difference with regard to the duration of hypertension and BP control between either group. Interestingly, the PA with DM group was found to require more antihypertensive agents than the PA without DM group (number of antihypertensive agents used, 2.0 ± 1.5 vs. 1.3 ± 1.1; P < 0.05, respectively). In the 28 patients who underwent measurement of central BP (CBP) values, plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) was high in the PA with DM group. Furthermore, a positive correlation was shown between PAC and CBP (r = 0.58; P < 0.01); the higher the PAC, the higher the CBP of patient.

Conclusions: These results might suggest that hypertension becomes more difficult to control in PA patients with DM in the future.




J Clin Med Res. 2018;10(1):56-62
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3233w

 


Keywords


Primary aldosteronism; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Blood pressure control; Antihypertensive agents; Central blood pressure

Full Text: HTML PDF

 

 

 

 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jocmr.org   editorial contact: editor@jocmr.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

DECLARATION: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!