Use of Methylene Blue in the Treatment of Refractory Vasodilatory Shock After Cardiac Assist Device Implantation: Report of Four Consecutive Cases

Sebastian Michel, Florian Weis, R Sodian, Andres Beiras-Fernandez, Amir K Bigdeli, Ingo Kaczmarek, Dirk Bruegger


Vasodilatory shock frequently occurs after cardiac surgery, particularly after cardiac assist device implantation. This complication is often associated with high mortality, especially if refractory to conventional vasoconstrictor treatment. Methylene blue, a guanylate cyclase inhibitor, has been successfully used in the management of vasodilatory shock associated with cardiopulmonary bypass. We present four successive cases after implantation of cardiac assist devices suffering from norepinephrine and vasopressin refractory severe vasodilatory shock. In all patients, administration of a single dose of methylene blue (2 mg/kg body weight) resulted in an immediate and persistent decrease in vasoconstrictor dosages and serum lactate concentrations. Despite of this benefit, all patients deceased during hospital stay, however, this was not related to the methylene blue treatment. Methylene blue seems to be a promising therapeutical option in patients with otherwise resistant vasodilatory shock after cardiac assist device implantation. However, controlled clinical trials are necessary to substantiate safety and efficacy.



Methylene blue; Vasodilatory shock; Assist device

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.