Efficacy and Safety of Upadacitinib Plus Intensive Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis as Induction for Intractable Ulcerative Colitis

Satoshi Tanida, Shun Sasoh, Takahiro Otani, Yoshimasa Kubota, Tesshin Ban, Tomoaki Ando, Makoto Nakamura, Takashi Joh


Monotherapy with a selective Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor or intensive granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) has been limited to patients with intractable ulcerative colitis (UC). No previous reports have described the efficacy including histopathological evaluations and the safety of combination therapy with upadacitinib (UPA) plus intensive GMA (two sessions per week) for intractable UC showing resistance to conventional agents and adalimumab. This retrospective study evaluated the 10-week clinical and histopathological efficacy of induction combination therapy with UPA plus intensive GMA in patients with intractable UC. Among eight patients (moderate UC, n = 1; severe UC, n = 7) who received combination therapy with UPA plus intensive GMA, 50.0% had achieved clinical remission by 10 weeks. Percentages of patients with histological-endoscopic mucosal improvement and mucosal healing at 10 weeks were 62.5% and 12.5%, respectively. After excluding one patient who discontinued treatment by week 10 because of intolerance for UPA, mean full Mayo score, endoscopic subscore and C-reactive protein concentration at baseline were 11.43 0.37, 3 0 and 1.29 0.70 mg/dL, respectively. Corresponding values at 10 weeks were 2.28 0.77 (P < 0.03), 1.14 0.34 (P < 0.03) and 0.03 0.008 mg/dL (P < 0.05), respectively. Adverse events of herpes zoster, temporary increase in creatinine phosphokinase and anemia were observed in one patient each. One patient discontinued combination therapy at week 4 because of temporary taste abnormality due to UPA. Combination comprising UPA plus intensive GMA appears likely to achieve satisfactory induction of clinical remission and histopathological improvement for patients with intractable UC for whom conventional agents and anti-tumor necrosis factor-antibody have failed.

J Clin Med Res. 2024;16(5):256-263
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr5165


Ulcerative colitis; Upadacitinib; Intensive granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis; Histological improvement

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