J Clin Med Res
Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, ISSN 1918-3003 print, 1918-3011 online, Open Access
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Letter to the Editor

Volume 3, Number 2, April 2011, pages 99-100


An Adolescent Patient With Hip Pain: Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

Leyla Solduka, Ozgur Soguta, c, Halil Kayaa, Mehmet T Gokdemira, Ugur Ozkanlib

aDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Harran University, Faculty of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Turkey
bDepartment of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Harran University, Faculty of Medicine, Sanliurfa, Turkey
cCorresponding author: Ozgur Sogut, Harran Universitesi Tip Fakultesi, Acil Tip Anabilim Dali, Morfoloji Binasi, Yenisehir Kampusu, TR-63300, Sanliurfa, Turkey

Manuscript accepted for publication February 11, 2011
Short title: Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/jocmr503w

Letter to the Editor:▴Top 

A 16-year-old adolescent male presented to the emergency department with a chief complaint of left-sided hip pain of 3 weeks’ duration. The frequency of pain was intermittent and tended to be worst since the last 3 days, with the complaints of left knee pain and limping added on top of the pain. He had neither a history of trauma nor a previously known disease. His physical examination revealed an overweight adolescent with a body mass index of 26.6 kg/m2. He had a moderate antalgic gait with the left leg in external and internal rotation. He had also showed limited mobility of left hip in abduction, with no edema or crepitation and sensory or motor deficits. The examination of the contralateral hip was unremarkable. The anteroposterior hip radiograph showed increased left hip joint space compared to the right hip (Fig. 1). A frog-leg lateral left hip radiograph demonstrated dislocated capital femoral epiphysis on the proximal femoral metaphysis (Fig. 2). He was taken to surgery with the diagnosis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis and the right femoral epiphysis internally fixed with a single-cannulated screw under scopy guidance.

Figure 1..
Click for large image
Figure 1.. Anteroposterior hip graph of the patient showing increased left hip joint space compared to the right hip.

Figure 2..
Click for large image
Figure 2.. Frog-leg lateral left hip graph showing slippage of the capital femoral epiphysis on the proximal femoral metaphysis (black arrow).

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), also named as adolescent coxa vara, is characterized by a growth disturbance of the proximal femoral growth plate, resulting in posterior and inferior displacement of the proximal femoral epiphysis (femoral head) on the metaphysis (femoral neck) [1, 2]. It is a common hip disorder which is known to be strongly related to overweight and obesity in adolescents and children aged 9 - 16 years [1, 3]. A retrospective review of emergency department records stated that 68% of children with SCFE had body mass index above the 95th percentile mean weight for age [2]. The most frequent presenting symptoms in patients with SCFE are pain in the affected hip, groin, thigh, or knee, limitation in hip range of motion, and often a gait disturbance (i.e., intermittent limp). The examination of contralateral hip should also be offered for evidence of symptoms [2, 4]. Anteroposterior and frog-leg (patient’s femur externally rotated) lateral radiographs are the appropriate radiographic views to be taken in patients with SCFE for diagnosis and treatment [1, 4]. The proper initial treatment for SCFE is in situ central single-screw fixation of the affected femoral epiphysis to the femoral metaphysis [4]. Although the potentially devastating complications of avascular necrosis and chondrolysis, the clinical outcome of children and adolescent patients with SCFE who are diagnosed early and surgically treated is generally good [5].

Early diagnosis and urgent surgery of SCFEs are important as these prevent the risk of further slippage of the femoral epiphysis and hip deformities. Thus, SCFE should always be considered in the differential diagnosis when a child or adolescent patient presents with complaints of limping knee, hip or thigh pain. To make a definitive diagnosis, appropriate radiographic views should be performed as in the present case.


References▴Top 
  1. Emary P. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) detected in a chiropractic office: a case report. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2009;53(3):158-164.
    pubmed
  2. Green DW, Reynolds RA, Khan SN, Tolo V. The delay in diagnosis of slipped capital femoral epiphysis: a review of 102 patients. HSS J. 2005;1(1):103-106.
    pubmed
  3. Manoff EM, Banffy MB, Winell JJ. Relationship between Body Mass Index and slipped capital femoral epiphysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2005;25(6):744-746.
    pubmed
  4. Loder RT, Aronsson DD, Weinstein SL, Breur GJ, Ganz R, Leunig M. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis. Instr Course Lect. 2008;57:473-498.
    pubmed
  5. Aronsson DD, Loder RT, Breur GJ, Weinstein SL. Slipped capital femoral epiphysis: current concepts. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2006;14(12):666-679.
    pubmed


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