Evaluation of Plasma Soluble Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptor Levels in Patients With COVID-19 and Non-COVID-19 Pneumonia: An Observational Cohort Study

Dimitrios Velissaris, Maria Lagadinou, Themistoklis Paraskevas, Eleousa Oikonomou, Vasileios Karamouzos, Sofia Karteri, Dimitrios Bousis, Nikolaos Pantzaris, Konstantinos Tsiotsios, Markos Marangos

Abstract


Background: The respiratory system is the main system affected by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and a great number of infected people need hospitalization. Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is a biomarker indicative of acute and chronic inflammation. Current literature supports that suPAR has great predictive ability for mortality in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The aim of this study was to compare the value of suPAR and other laboratory biomarkers in patients with chest infection and suspected COVID-19.

Methods: A total of 41 consecutive patients with chest infection were enrolled in the study and were assigned into two groups according to the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result for SARS-CoV-2. The two groups had no significant difference in baseline data (age, sex), arterial oxygen partial pressure (PO2)/fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) ratio and mortality.

Results: Among patients with chest infection who required hospitalization, suPAR was significantly higher on admission in those with COVID-19 when compared to patients with non-COVID-19. suPAR had a great prognostic ability for in-hospital mortality in the COVID-19 subgroup.

Conclusions: A single measurement of suPAR on admission can provide prognostic information for patients with suspected COVID-19 pneumonia. In the subgroup of patients with positive real-time PCR result for SARS-CoV2, suPAR was significantly higher and had an excellent prognostic value for the in-hospital mortality.




J Clin Med Res. 2021;13(9):474-478
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4579

Keywords


suPAR; Chest infection; COVID-19; Prognosis; Biomarker

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