Influence of Geriatric Patients’ Food Preferences on the Selection of Discharge Destination

Yasuko Fukuda, Mina Kohara, Asami Hatakeyama, Mikako Ochi, Masanobu Nakai


Background: The nonprotein calorie/nitrogen (NPC/N) ratio of food remains poorly investigated. Thus, this study examined the nutritional factors that influence the choice of discharge destination for geriatric patients.

Methods: We retrospectively investigated the patient characteristics, clinical laboratory test results, and hospital food consumption of 65 geriatric patients (80.0 ± 8.2 years; 31 males, 34 females), who were receiving oral nutritional support at a small mixed-care hospital and further explored their discharge destinations. The NPC/N ratios were calculated according to the menus for the meals provided during the first 4 weeks after admission. For logistic regression analysis, the objective variables were discharge destinations (i.e., nursing care facilities including home or medical institutions) whereas the predictor variables were age, sex, nursing care level, hospitalization duration, serum albumin level (Alb), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and NPC/N ratio.

Results: Compared with age and nursing care level, sex (partial regression coefficient (B) = -5.140, P = 0.002), hospitalization duration (B = 0.077, P = 0.004), Alb (B = 3.223, P = 0.013), eGFR (B = -0.071, P = 0.019), and NPC/N ratio (B = -0.224, P = 0.001) are significantly correlated with the selection of discharge destination.

Conclusions: For geriatric patients who went to medical institutions, the need for prolonged hospitalization, male sex, hospitalization duration, stable serum Alb, low eGFR, low NPC/N ratio (i.e., high protein proportion), and the quantity of hospital food consumed were the possible factors that influence their discharge destination.

J Clin Med Res. 2020;12(11):705-710


Discharge planning; eGFR; Follow-up; Hospital meal; NPC/N

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.