A Coronary Artery Calcium Score of Zero in Patients Who Have Undergone Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography Is Associated With Freedom From Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events

Yuhei Shiga, Joji Morii, Yoshiaki Idemoto, Kohei Tashiro, Yuiko Yano, Yuta Kato, Takashi Kuwano, Makoto Sugihara, Shin-ichiro Miura

Abstract


Background: The coronary artery calcification score (CACS) is a good marker of future cardiovascular risk. We determined the association between the CACS and the prognosis in patients who have undergone coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA).

Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study and enrolled 502 consecutive patients who underwent CCTA for screening of coronary artery disease (CAD) at Fukuoka University Hospital (FU-CCTA Registry) and either were clinically suspected of having CAD or had at least one cardiovascular risk factor with a follow-up of up to 5 years. The patients were divided into CACS = 0 and CACS > 0 groups. Using CCTA, ≥ 50% coronary stenosis was diagnosed as CAD, and the number of significantly stenosed coronary vessels (VD), Gensini score and CACS were quantified. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE: cardiovascular death, ischemic stroke, acute myocardial infarction and coronary revascularization).

Results: %CAD, the number of VD and the Gensini score in the CACS = 0 group were significantly lower than those in the CACS > 0 group. %MACE in the CACS = 0 group was also significantly lower than that in the CACS > 0 group. Kaplan-Meier curves indicated that the CACS = 0 group showed significantly greater freedom from MACE than the CACS > 0 group (P = 0.008). Finally, only CACS = 0 was independently associated with MACE (odd ratio: 0.41, 95% confidence interval: 0.17 - 0.97, P = 0.041).

Conclusions: A CACS of 0 in patients who underwent CCTA was associated with a good prognosis.




J Clin Med Res. 2020;12(10):662-667
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4335

Keywords


Coronary artery disease; Coronary artery calcification; Coronary computed tomography angiography; Major adverse cardiovascular events

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