Mortality and the Risk Factors in Elderly Female Patients With Femoral Neck and Trochanteric Fractures

Toshihiro Higashikawa, Kenji Shigemoto, Kenichi Goshima, Takeshi Horii, Daisuke Usuda, Takuro Morita, Manabu Moriyama, Hiromi Inujima, Masahiro Hangyou, Kimiko Usuda, Shigeto Morimoto, Tadami Matsumoto, Shigeki Takashima, Tsugiyasu Kanda, Masashi Okuro, Takeshi Sawaguchi

Abstract


Background: The main purpose of this study is to exhaustively explore risk factors, including age, gender, and several clinical indices, for mortality in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture and to evaluate some of them using survival analyses.

Methods: This was a retrospective study tracking 1 year for vital prognosis. Data were collected at post-operation from medical records of the cases. Survival analysis was conducted to investigate the risk factors for death, including albumin, urinary retention, activity of daily living (ADL), and cognitive disorder.

Results: We recruited 318 patients with a history of hip surgery carried out at Toyama Municipal Hospital, in which 39 patients died for 1 year after discharge. The results showed a significant decrease in survival rate in low albumin, positive urinary retention, and low ADL (P < 0.01, by log-rank test). The hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) of albumin, urinary retention, ADL, and cognitive disorder were 0.36 (0.19 - 0.69), 0.4 (0.2 - 0.8), 0.29 (0.15 - 0.58) and 0.65 (0.32 - 1.29), respectively.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that albumin, urinary retention and ADL were the important risk factors for mortality, and suggested that the postoperative management of albumin, urinary retention and ADL is important, especially in elderly female patients receiving surgery of femoral neck and trochanteric fractures.




J Clin Med Res. 2020;12(10):668-673
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4292

Keywords


Elderly; Hip fractures; Albumin; Urinary retention; Activity of daily living; Cognitive disorder

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