Variation of Salivary IgA During Weight Loss Period Before a Competition Among University Judo Players

Hiroaki Hiraoka, Yukichi Hanaoka, Subrina Jesmin, Fuminori Kimura, Yujiro Matsuish, Kazuhiro Shimizu, Koichi Watanabe

Abstract


Background: This study aims to investigate the health condition of university judo athletes during a period of weight loss before a competition, using secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in saliva.

Methods: The subjects were 30 university judo athletes, who were divided into three groups: control group (n = 10), under 5% weight loss group (n = 10), and over 5% weight loss group (n = 10). The items evaluated were body weight measurements, salivary SIgA level and its secretion rates, incidences of symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections, and mental state.

Results: The over 5% body weight loss group had significantly lower SIgA secretion rates on the first day and third day before the real competition compared to those of the control group. Furthermore, the over 5% body weight loss group had an increased number of symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections. Alterations in mental statuses were also seen, such as decreased vitality and increased fatigue on the day before the competition in the over 5% weight loss group.

Conclusions: This study shows that over 5% body weight loss in judo athletes induces a decrease in the salivary SIgA secretion rate and causes health condition of the body and the mind to deteriorate.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(12):798-806
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3998


Keywords


Salivary immunoglobulin A; Judo; Weight loss; Competition; Immunity

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