Association Between Lifestyle Characteristics and Body Mass Index of Mothers of Children With Allergic Diseases

Yasuko Fukuda, Shumi Yamamoto, Makoto Kameda

Abstract


Background: For mothers of children with allergic diseases, the amount of physical activity involved in childcare increases owing to factors, such as the need for diet therapy and environmental improvements. Reportedly, the body mass index (BMI) of mothers of children with food allergies (FAs) is significantly lower than that of those of children without allergies (non-FA mothers). The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of diet and physical activity in FA mothers and to clarify their effects on BMI.

Methods: To investigate the association between lifestyle characteristics and BMI in 69 mothers of children with FA, bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis, their diets and physical activity pattern (using a three-axis accelerometer) were investigated; dietary and physical activity patterns (every hour) were extracted using principal component analysis, and multiple regression analyses were performed.

Results: Multiple regression analyses revealed a significant positive correlation (P = 0.037) between BMI and the third principal component of dietary patterns (positive correlation with cereals and negative correlation with sweets), a significant negative correlation (P = 0.004) between BMI and FA and the total daily duration of performing low- and moderate-intensity physical activity (P = 0.031) and a significant positive correlation (P = 0.008) between FA and the first principal component of physical activity expenditure patterns (patterns of ongoing physical activity throughout the day). In FA mothers (n = 51), a significant positive correlation (P = 0.042) was observed between the third principal component of dietary patterns and BMI.

Conclusion: Low BMI in FA mothers may be related to reduced cereal intake, increased sweets intake and prolonged and continuous low- and moderate-intensity physical activity.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(12):780-788
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3976


Keywords


Body mass index; Child with allergic disease; Food allergy; Mother; Physical activity; Dietary pattern; Physical expenditure kcal pattern

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