Management of Acute Kidney Injury in the Setting of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Review Focusing on Ventilation and Fluid Management Strategies

Vandan D. Upadhyaya, Mohammed Z. Shariff, Roy O. Mathew, Mohammad A. Hossain, Arif Asif, Tushar J. Vachharajani

Abstract


Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a major cause of mortality in adults with acute hypoxic respiratory failure and can predispose those afflicted to develop acute kidney injury (AKI). In the setting where AKI and ARDS overlap, incidence of mortality, length of intensive care unit stay, and complexity of management increases drastically. Lung protective ventilation strategy and conservative fluid management are the main focus of therapy in patients with ARDS, but have major implications on renal function. This review aims to provide concise discussion of pathophysiology, ventilation, and fluid management strategies as it relates to AKI in the setting of ARDS.




J Clin Med Res. 2020;12(1):1-5
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3938

Keywords


Acute respiratory distress; Acute kidney injury; Acute lung injury; Ventilation strategy

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