Relationships Between the Cardio-Ankle Vascular Index and Pulsatility Index of the Common Carotid Artery in Patients With Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Takashi Hitsumoto

Abstract


Background: Pulsatility index (PI) is a hemodynamic parameter determined using Doppler sonography; it reflects the degree of peripheral vascular resistance. Moreover, researchers have reported significant relationships between an increase in the PI of the common carotid artery (CCA) and ischemic stroke. This cross-sectional study aimed to clarify the relationships between cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) as a marker of arterial stiffness and the PI of the CCA in patients with cardiovascular risk factors for the primary prevention of ischemic stroke.

Methods: A total of 405 outpatients undergoing treatment for cardiovascular risk factors (152 men and 253 women; mean age ± standard deviation, 64 ± 9 years) with no history of cardiovascular events, including ischemic stroke, were enrolled. The CAVI and the PI of the CCA were measured using commercial devices, and their relationships to various clinical parameters were examined.

Results: A significant positive correlation was observed between the CAVI and the PI of the CCA (r = 0.44, P < 0.001). Further, multiple regression analysis revealed that the CAVI (β = 0.19, P < 0.001) was selected as independent factor for PI of the CCA as a subordinate factor. Meanwhile, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, as an inflammation marker, and skin autofluorescence, as a marker of advanced glycation end products in the tissues, were selected as independent variables for either the CAVI or the PI of the CCA as a subordinate factor. The receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that the cut-off point of the CAVI for high PI of the CCA (> 1.60) as a risk value of stroke incidence by previous report was 9.1 (area under the curve = 0.750, P < 0.001).

Conclusion: The present results indicate that the CAVI reflects cerebrovascular resistance in patients with cardiovascular risk factors. Moreover, the risk value of the CAVI for ischemic stroke incidence was considered to be 9.1 in these patients.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(8):593-599
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3914


Keywords


Cardio-ankle vascular index; Pulsatility index; Common carotid artery; Inflammation; Skin autofluorescence; Cardiovascular risk factors

Full Text: HTML PDF

 

 

 

 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jocmr.org   editorial contact: editor@jocmr.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

DECLARATION: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!