A Cross-Sectional Study Evaluating Potential Differences in the Need for Cancer Survivorship Care in Relation to Patients’ Socioeconomic Status

Charlotte Handberg, Marie Louise Svendsen, Thomas Maribo

Abstract


Background: There seems to be inequity within cancer survivorship care in primary care settings related to gender, shorter education, and early poor health, but there is uncertainty regarding the character of the needs in hospital and in primary care settings and whether there is inequity regarding meeting these needs. This study aims to describe potential differences in needs among patients in hospital and in primary care settings, and to assess the need for survivorship care and rehabilitation in patients with cancer in relation to socioeconomic status.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study including patients in hospital (n = 89) and primary care settings (n = 99), information from needs assessments was linked with population-based data on socioeconomic status via unique personal identification numbers. The association between socioeconomic status and stated needs was analyzed separately for patients in hospital and primary care settings, with adjustment for age and gender.

Results: A total of 90% patients expressed one or more needs in the physical area, 51% in the emotional area, and 40% in the practical area. Patients in primary care expressed more needs than patients in hospital. Men expressed more needs than women in primary care (adjusted odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI)): 2.66 (1.04 - 6.79)). The results indicate that higher socioeconomic status is associated with fewer stated needs.

Conclusions: This study suggests that the association between gender and stated needs may depend on healthcare setting and confirms that higher socioeconomic status in relation to civil status, educational level, income, and labor market status is associated with fewer stated needs.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(7):515-523
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3871


Keywords


Cancer; Survivorship care; Survivorship; Needs; Socioeconomic status; Cross-sectional

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