Prolonged Rupture of Membranes, Neonatal Outcomes and Management Guidelines

Manar Al-lawama, Ala AlZaatreh, Rawan Elrajabi, Sultan Abdelhamid, Eman Badran

Abstract


Background: Prolonged rupture of membranes (PROM) is a risk factor for early-onset neonatal sepsis (EOS). In the absence of early specific and sensitive diagnostic tools, management of asymptomatic infants is difficult. This study was conducted to investigate clinical outcomes of newborns born to mothers with PROM.

Methods: A retrospective study of neonates ≥ 34 weeks admitted due to PROM was conducted. Medical charts were reviewed. Neonates were classified into three categories based on their status at birth: ill appearing, well, and equivocal. Sepsis risk calculator was retrospectively applied.

Results: A total of 176 neonates were included. All mothers had unknown group B streptococcus (GBS) status. Of them, 74.4% were asymptomatic. Nine infants (5%) had positive cultures, and 23 infants (13%) had culture-negative sepsis. The newborns with sepsis fit into the “ill appearing” category with a significantly higher proportion (12.5% vs. 0.0%, P value < 0.0).

Conclusions: Reliable early diagnostic tools for neonatal sepsis are lacking. Adopting a protocol that utilizes multiple methods and follow-up for the clinical condition of these infants are the key factors to avoid missing neonates with true sepsis and decreasing the use of antibiotics in those without infection.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(5):360-366
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3809


Keywords


Prolonged rupture of membranes; Sepsis; Neonate; Group B streptococcus; Guidelines

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