Serum Oxidative-Antioxidative Status in Patients With Alkaptonuria

Eman M. Albatayneh, Mohammed S. Al-Sbou, Samir S. Mahgoub, Nesrin R. Mwafi, Nedal A. Alnawaiseh


Background: Alkaptonuria (AKU) is a rare genetic disease associated with the deposition of melanin-like pigments (ochronosis) in connective tissues. However, data regarding the effect of oxidative stress products on disease pathogenesis are limited. The purpose of this study was to investigate oxidative stress and related factors in patients with alkaptonuria and compare the findings with those in healthy control subjects.

Methods: The study sample comprised of 21 AKU patients and 19 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Serum samples were obtained to detect the total antioxidative capacity (TAC), and oxidation degradation products of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, protein carbonyls, advanced oxidation protein products, and homogentisic acid levels in urine were determined.

Results: Serum TAC, oxidation degradation products of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, and protein carbonyl levels in the AKU group were higher than those measured for the control subjects, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Moreover, a positive correlation was found between the patients serum protein carbonyl, patients age and AKU severity score (r = 0.492 and 0.746, respectively; P < 0.05). Furthermore, the protein carbonyl serum levels can be used to predict the disease severity score in alkaptonuria patients (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: In sum, the study results provide further support for the role of oxidation in the pathogenesis of alkaptonuria, suggesting presence of a more complex relationship than what has been previously assumed. Thus, further studies are needed to clarify these conflicting results.

J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(5):337-344


Oxidative stress; Alkaptonuria; Protein carbonyl; Total antioxidative capacity; Oxidation degradation products of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances; Advanced oxidation protein products

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