Specific Features of Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

Fotios S. Fousekis, Vasileios I. Theopistos, Ioannis V. Mitselos, Alexandros Skamnelos, Athanasios Kavvadias, Konstantinos H. Katsanos, Dimitrios K. Christodoulou

Abstract


Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic and progressive disease of the biliary tract. PSC is strongly associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), mainly with ulcerative colitis, and most PSC patients have underlying IBD. The pathophysiological interactions between IBD and PSC are unclear, although it seems that the patients with IBD and PSC have a distinct phenotype. IBD with coexisting PSC is more extensive and is characterized by milder activity compared to IBD alone. The coexistence of PSC increases the risk for colorectal cancer in IBD patients and lifelong annual surveillance colonoscopy is recommended. Also, liver transplantation (LT) for PSC may affect the course of IBD. In addition, the management of IBD after LT includes many specific problems. On the other hand, the effect of IBD on the natural history of PSC appears to be milder. However, IBD may increase the risk of postsurgical complications after LT and is a risk factor for recurrent PSC after LT. Overall, the coexistence of IBD with PSC changes the management, natural history and prognosis of both diseases.




J Clin Med Res. 2019;11(2):81-88
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3680


Keywords


Primary sclerosing cholangitis; Inflammatory bowel disease; Ulcerative colitis; Crohn’s disease; Colorectal cancer

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