Higher Fasting and Postprandial Free Fatty Acid Levels Are Associated With Higher Muscle Insulin Resistance and Lower Insulin Secretion in Young Non-Obese Women

Mika Takeuchi, Satomi Minato, Kaori Kitaoka, Ayaka Tsuboi, Miki Kurata, Tsutomu Kazumi, Keisuke Fukuo

Abstract


Background: To assess the relationship of the shape of glucose concentration curve during a standardized meal test to serum free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations, insulin resistance and insulin secretion in young non-obese women.

Methods: Thirty-five young women had a standardized meal for breakfast with measurement of glucose, insulin and FFA concentrations at 0 (fasting), 30, 60 and 120 min; the areas under the concentration curves were calculated (AUCg, AUCi and AUCffa, respectively). Meal-induced insulin response (MIR) was calculated as the ratio between the incremental insulin and glucose concentrations during the first 30 min of meal tests. In two women (group A), post-breakfast glucose (PBG) returned to levels below fasting plasma glucose (FPG) at 30 min; in 15 and 11 women, PBG returned to levels below FPG at 60 and 120 min (groups B and C, respectively). In the remaining seven women (group D), PBG never fell below FPG.

Results: Despite no difference in fasting insulin and AUCi, fasting FFA, AUCg and AUCffa were the lowest in group A, increased linearly from group B to C and plateaued in group D, whereas MIR might be the highest in group A, decreased from group B to C and plateaued in group D.

Conclusion: Young women whose PBG returned to FPG more slowly had higher muscle insulin resistance and lower MIR associated with higher fasting and postprandial FFA levels compared with young women whose PBG returned to baseline more quickly.




J Clin Med Res. 2018;10(11):822-829
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3534w


Keywords


Free fatty acids; Insulin resistance; Insulin secretion; Young non-obese women

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