Effect of Anagliptin on Glycemic and Lipid Profile in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Yukari Chiba, Tadashi Yamakawa, Hirohisa Tsuchiya, Mari Oba, Daisuke Suzuki, Hirosuke Danno, Yoji Takatsuka, Hiroshi Shigematsu, Mizuki Kaneshiro, Yasuo Terauchi

Abstract


Background: Anagliptin is a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor expected to improve the lipid profile as well as glycemic control. However, findings from large-scale prospective trials have not been obtained.

Methods: We performed a multicenter prospective trial in patients with type 2 diabetes receiving anagliptin to evaluate its effect on glycemic control and the lipid profile. A total of 95 patients received anagliptin at 200 mg twice daily. Markers of glucose and lipid metabolism were measured at baseline and after 12 and 24 weeks of administration, and the absolute changes and percent changes were determined.

Results: Both HbA1c and plasma glucose were significantly decreased by anagliptin therapy. Regarding the lipid profile, total cholesterol (TC) showed a significant decrease at 12 weeks, while TC, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were significantly decreased at 24 weeks. Multivariate analysis revealed that female sex was an independent predictor of greater reduction of TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C, while a baseline TC level >= 200 mg/dL predicted greater reduction of TC and a baseline HDL-C level >= 40 mg/dL predicted greater reduction of LDL-C and HDL-C.

Conclusions: This study suggested that anagliptin significantly reduced TC, LDL-C, and HDL-C levels, as well as improving glycemic control, particularly in female patients.




J Clin Med Res. 2018;10(8):648-656
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3464w


Keywords


Anagliptin; Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Total cholesterol; Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol

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