Association Between Visceral Fat Accumulation and Exercise Tolerance in Non-Obese Subjects Without Diabetes

Miki Shioya-Yamada, Kazunori Shimada, Miho Nishitani-Yokoyama, Eiryu Sai, Kageumi Takeno, Yoshifumi Tamura, Hirotaka Watada, Ryuzo Kawamori, Hiroyuki Daida, Sachio Kawai


Background: We examined the associations between visceral fat accumulation, presence of the components of metabolic syndrome (MetS), and exercise tolerance in non-obese subjects without diabetes.

Methods: Seventy-four non-obese, non-diabetic Japanese men were enrolled. The subjects were divided into the following two groups: non-obese subjects without any MetS risk factors (n = 38, Group A) and non-obese subjects with one or two MetS risk factors (n = 36, Group B). Anthropometric and metabolic parameters were measured. The response of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP), and exercise tolerance were also evaluated with a cardiopulmonary exercise test using a bicycle ergometer.

Results: The body mass index, abdominal circumference, visceral fat area, and homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance, were significantly higher, while levels of anaerobic threshold and maximal oxygen uptake were significantly lower in Group B than in Group A. The levels of resting HR, resting BP, and BP at maximal exercise were significantly higher in Group B than in Group A. There were no significant differences in the HR at maximal exercise as well as the HR and BP after exercise between the two groups. The visceral fat area was significantly and negatively correlated with exercise tolerance. Multivariate linear regression analyses demonstrated that visceral fat area, but not abdominal circumference, was significantly and independently associated with maximal oxygen uptake.

Conclusions: These data suggest that the visceral fat area is a significant determinant for exercise tolerance even in non-obese subjects without diabetes.

J Clin Med Res. 2018;10(8):630-635


Exercise tolerance; Visceral fat; Metabolic syndrome; Non-obese men

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.