The Relationship Between Mean Platelet Volume and Fasting Plasma Glucose and HbA1c Levels in a Large Cohort of Unselected Health Check-Up Participants

Shinichiro Oshima, Takakazu Higuchi, Sadamu Okada, Osamu Takahashi


Background: Larger platelets are more active and mean platelet volume (MPV) is an indicator of platelet activation and an independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. While MPV is reported to be higher in diabetic patients, the relationship between MPV and glycemic parameters in general population remains inconclusive.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we studied relationship between MPV and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c levels in 38,204 unselected participants of general health check-up aged 20 years or older in the year of 2014 who were considered to be representative of the general population. Individuals with known diabetes, coronary artery disease and/or cerebrovascular disease who were on drug therapy and those with platelet counts below 100 109/L or above 400 109/L were excluded.

Results: The mean age of the individuals was 52.3 12.1 years and 46.1% were male. There were positive associations between MPV and both FPG (r = 0.066; P < 0.001) and HbA1c (r = 0.025; P < 0.001) levels when all individuals were analyzed as a whole. While the association was only marginal in individuals with HbA1c levels below 6.5% (r = 0.009; P = 0.068), it was significant in those with HbA1c ? 6.5% (r = 0.138; P < 0.001). When the individuals were categorized into four groups according to the HbA1c values: HbA1c < 5.5%, 5.5% ? HbA1c < 6.0%, 6.0% ? HbA1c < 6.5%, and HbA1c ? 6.5%, the mean MPV was virtually same among groups with HbA1c level < 6.5% and that of the individuals with HbA1c ? 6.5 was significantly higher than groups with lower HbA1c levels. Multivariate analyses adjusted with age and sex showed the same results.

Conclusion: FPG and HbA1c appeared to be associated with MPV in unselected health check-up participants; however, the association between glycemic state and MPV was apparent only in individuals with impaired glycemic control and only marginal in those with normal glycemic control. The clinical significance of the associations warrants further study.

J Clin Med Res. 2018;10(4):345-350


Mean platelet volume; Diabetes; HbA1c; Fasting plasma glucose; Platelet activation; Thrombosis

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.