Evaluation of Risk Factors for Second Hip Fractures in Elderly Patients

Sabri Batin, Firat Ozan, Kaan Gurbuz, Semmi Koyuncu, Fatih Vatansever, Erdal Uzun

Abstract


Background: Hip fracture is a worldwide public health problem that primarily affects osteoporotic individuals and the elderly. A second hip fracture can occur in elderly patients who have already suffered an initial hip fracture. The aim of this study was to investigate possible risk factors for second hip fractures in elderly patients with hip fractures.

Methods: Between 2010 and 2014, 230 patients who underwent uncemented bipolar hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups: those with a first hip fracture (group 1) and those with a second hip fracture (group 2).

Results: The mean time from the first hip fracture to second hip fracture was 22 months. There were no significant differences in the American Society of Anesthesiologist scores, comorbidities were observed in the two groups. The mean length of hospitalization was not significantly different between the two groups. The mean postoperative functional scores after second hip fractures were significantly lower in group 2 than in group 1.

Conclusions: Although there are not certain risk factors for second hip fractures in elderly patients with hip fractures, to prevent second hip fractures, elderly patients should be provided with physical and medical therapy as well as orthotic support and their functional activity should be maintained.




J Clin Med Res. 2018;10(3):217-220
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3287w


Keywords


Hip fracture; Hemiarthroplasty; Risk factors; Second hip fracture

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