Effects of Sevelamer Hydrochloride on Uremic Toxins Serum Indoxyl Sulfate and P-Cresyl Sulfate in Hemodialysis Patients

Cheng-Jui Lin, Chi-Feng Pan, Chih-Kuang Chuang, Hsuan-Liang Liu, Sung-Fa Huang, Han-Hsiang Chen, Chih-Jen Wu

Abstract


Background: Beside the phosphate binding effect, non-calcium non-aluminum phosphate binder, namely sevelamer hydrochloride (SH), has many other effects in dialysis patients. It can absorb many other compounds, decrease low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level, and attenuate the progression of vascular calcification; it has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effect. However, it is not clear whether it has any effect on uremic toxins, i.e. serum indoxyl sulfate (IS) and p-cresyl sulfate, (PCS) in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This study was carried out to appraise the effect of sevelamer on serum IS and PCS in HD patients.

Methods: Five adult HD patients from a single medical center were enrolled in this study; these patients were treated with 800 mg of sevelamer thrice per day for 3 months; a series of biochemical parameters, serum IS and PCS were monitored concurrently.

Results: There was a significant reduction in the mean level of phosphate from 7.20 ± 0.70 mg/dL (mean ± SD) before treatment to 5.40 ± 0.50 mg/dL (mean ± SD) after treatment, total cholesterol from 151.00 ± 37.40 mg/dL (mean ± SD) before treatment to 119.20 ± 29.40 mg/dL (mean ± SD) after treatment, and PCS from 31.30 ± 10.60 mg/L (mean ± SD) before treatment to 19.70 ± 10.50 mg/L (mean ± SD) after treatment. On the contrary, this treatment had no effect on IS.

Conclusion: A statistically significant reduction of serum phosphate and PCS in HD patients treated with SH suggests that beside the action of lowering serum phosphate, sevelamer may have an important role in the treatment of uremic syndrome by decreasing the uremic toxin.




J Clin Med Res. 2017;9(9):765-770
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr1803e


Keywords


P-cresyl sulfate; Indoxyl sulfate; Sevelamer hydrochloride; Hemodialysis

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