Effectiveness of Ipragliflozin for Reducing Hemoglobin A1c in Patients With a Shorter Type 2 Diabetes Duration: Interim Report of the ASSIGN-K Study

Kotaro Iemitsu, Takehiro Kawata, Takashi Iizuka, Masahiro Takihata, Masahiko Takai, Shigeru Nakajima, Nobuaki Minami, Shinichi Umezawa, Akira Kanamori, Hiroshi Takeda, Shogo Ito, Taisuke Kikuchi, Hikaru Amemiya, Mizuki Kaneshiro, Atsuko Mokubo, Tetsuo Takuma, Hideo Machimura, Keiji Tanaka, Taro Asakura, Akira Kubota, Sachio Aoyanagi, Kazuhiko Hoshino, Masashi Ishikawa, Yoko Matsuzawa, Mitsuo Obana, Nobuo Sasai, Hideaki Kaneshige, Fuyuki Minagawa, Tatsuya Saito, Kazuaki Shinoda, Masaaki Miyakawa, Yasushi Tanaka, Yasuo Terauchi, Ikuro Matsuba

Abstract


Background: Ipragliflozin is a selective sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor. The ASSIGN-K study is investigating the efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the real-world clinical setting.

Methods: Japanese T2DM patients with inadequate glycemic control despite diet and exercise with/without pharmacotherapy were enrolled in an investigator-driven, multicenter, prospective, observational study examining the efficacy and safety of ipragliflozin treatment (50 mg/day for 52 weeks). We performed interim analysis after 24 weeks.

Results: In 367 patients completing 24-week ipragliflozin therapy, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) decreased significantly from 8.07% at baseline to 7.26% in week 24 (P < 0.001). The change in HbA1c from treatment initiation to week 24 was -0.88% in patients < 65 years old versus -0.55% in those ≥ 65 years and -0.92% in men versus -0.70% in women (all P < 0.001). When baseline HbA1c was < 7%, 7% to < 8%, and ≥ 8%, the change was -0.18%, -0.45%, and -1.48%, respectively (P = 0.5352, P < 0.001, and P < 0.001, respectively). When baseline body mass index (BMI) was < 25, 25 to < 30, and ≥ 30, the change was -1.05%, -0.65%, and -0.87%, respectively (all P < 0.001). Multiple regression analysis showed that HbA1c decreased more in patients with a higher baseline HbA1c or shorter duration of diabetes. An HbA1c < 7% was achieved in 33.3% of the patients, and their baseline HbA1c was significantly lower than that of patients failing to achieve it (P < 0.001). Adverse events (AEs) occurred in 106/451 patients (23.5%), including 29.1% of patients aged 65 or older. Common AEs were vulvovaginal candidiasis (3.1%) and genital pruritus (1.8%). Serious AEs included urinary tract infection, unstable angina, and ketosis, which occurred in patients who did not suspend medication during acute illness.

Conclusions: Ipragliflozin significantly improved HbA1c in T2DM patients with inadequate glycemic control. Improvement in HbA1c was significant irrespective of age, sex, baseline HbA1c, or BMI, but efficacy was greater with a higher baseline HbA1c and shorter duration of diabetes. For safe continuation of treatment, patients should be advised to suspend medication during acute illness.




J Clin Med Res. 2017;9(9):793-801
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3116w

 


Keywords


Body fat mass; Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor; Ipragliflozin; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Glycemic control

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