Sensitivity, Specificity, Negative and Positive Predictive Values of Adenosine Deaminase in Patients of Tubercular and Non-Tubercular Serosal Effusion in India

Bharat Kumar Gupta, Vinay Bharat, Debapriya Bandyopadhyay


Background: In India, tuberculosis is an endemic disease. Delay in diagnosis results in poor prognosis and fast spread of the disease. The objective of the present study is to look for an effective and acceptable diagnostic test, which may be helpful to initiate early treatment to improve prognosis and reduce spread.

Methods: Three hundred and thirty patients with pleural, ascitic, meningeal and synovial effusion were selected and divided depending upon the etiology and the involvement of serosal membranes. Serosal aspirated fluid was subjected to biochemical tests and adenosine deaminase estimation. Cutoff taken is above 40 for pleural, peritoneal or synovial fluid and above 10 for CSF.

Results: In cases of pulmonary and extra-pulmonary disease, sensitivity was 92.80% and 94.29%; specificity 90.00% and 92.16%; positive predictive value 92.86% and 89.00%; and negative predictive value 90.00% and 95.92% respectively.

Conclusions: Adenosine deaminase estimation is not only a fairly sensitive and specific test (more than 90%), helpful in differentiating tubercular from non-tubercular etiology both in pulmonary and extra-pulmonary disease, but is also simple, inexpensive and rapid. For this reason this test may help in early diagnosis, improve the prognosis and reduce spread of disease and sequlae.



Adenosine deaminase; Serosal effusion; Tubercular; Non-tubercular; Pulmonary; Extra-pulmonary

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