Recurrent Body Rash Warranted Second Desensitization With Acyclovir in a Myeloma Patient: A Case Report

Jack T. Seki, Pamela Ng, Wallace Lam, Julie Cote, Anca Prica

Abstract


A 75-year-old woman developed a moderately severe rash about a week and a half after the start of bortezomib (Btb)-based chemotherapy for IgG lambda multiple myeloma; at the time, she was also receiving acyclovir as antiviral prophylaxis in addition to herpes zoster (HZ) vaccination. HZ reactivation rate is high in Btb recipients; therefore, the timing of antiviral prevention is critical in relation to Btb. Attempts were made to identify the offending agent based on the timing of drugs administered and the appearance of skin lesions in relation to other drugs. Both Btb and acyclovir were potential culprits. However, the timing of rash presented on days 9 - 10 revealed the offending agent when the corticosteroid was weaned off while acyclovir continued. A decision was made to administer acyclovir rapid desensitization program (RDP) for our patient.




J Clin Med Res. 2017;9(8):725-728
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2772w


Keywords


Hypersensitivity; Antiviral agent; Cutaneous reactions

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