Association of Hypertension With Erectile Function in Chronic Peripheral Arterial Insufficiency Patients

Luis Cesar Fava Spessoto, Fernando Nestor Facio, Jose Germano Ferraz de Arruda, Pedro Francisco F. Arruda, Marcio Gatti, Thiago Silveira Antoniassi, Maria Fernanda Warick Facio, Jose Maria Pereira de Godoy

Abstract


Background: Risk factors may influence the improvement or worsening of erectile dysfunction (ED). The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of systemic hypertension on ED in patients with peripheral arterial disease.

Methods: The effect of hypertension on ED was assessed in 125 consecutive patients in a cross-sectional quantitative study. The ages of the patients ranged from 19 to 88 years old (mean: 59.82 ± 10.48 years). The only exclusion criterion was the amputation of one or both legs. The ankle-arm index was assessed and the international index of ED questionnaire was applied to all participants in the study.

Results: Of the 125 patients, 22 (17.6%) had mild (grade 1), 50 (40.0%) had moderate (grade 2) and 53 (42.4%) had severe (grade 3) ED. Hypertensive patients have more ED, with ED in hypertensive patients being associated to chronic arterial disease. However, in comparison with normotensive patients, hypertension exerts an immediate protective effect on erectile function.

Conclusions: In conclusion, although erectile function is initially protected by systemic arterial hypertension in patients with chronic arterial disease, both chronic arterial disease and ED deteriorate over the long term in hypertensive patients.




J Clin Med Res. 2016;8(8):582-584
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2518w

 


Keywords


Erectile dysfunction; Hypertension; Chronic arterial disease

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