Current Chemotherapy and Potential New Targets in Uterine Leiomyosarcoma

Shabnam Momtahen, John Curtin, Khush Mittal

Abstract


A variety of chemotherapeutic agents have been used for treating recurrent or advanced stage uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS). The response rates of these current agents are disappointing, with partial response rates varying from 0% to 33%, and complete response rates varying from 0% to 8%. Recent studies have documented many molecular changes in ULMSs. Prominent amongst these are gains of growth factors C-MYC, Bcl-2, K-ras, and Ki-67, and losses in tumor suppressors p16, p53, Rb1, ING2 and D14S267. Various techniques that have been used to target these molecules are presented. Targeting specific therapies at these underlying molecular changes could potentially yield better response rates with fewer side effects.




J Clin Med Res. 2016;8(3):181-189
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2419w

Keywords


Leiomyosarcoma; Uterus; Chemotherapy; Oncogenes

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