J Clin Med Res
Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, ISSN 1918-3003 print, 1918-3011 online, Open Access
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Letter to the Editor

Volume 7, Number 8, August 2015, pages 656-656


Favorable Outcome and Survival Using a Hypothermia Protocol After Successful Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Ozgur Sogut

Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey

Manuscript accepted for publication April 22, 2015
Short title: Hypothermia Protocol After CPR
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2186w

To the Editor▴Top 

Use of mild therapeutic hypothermia to goal 32 - 34 °C, after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in cardiac arrest patients, has been shown to increase the rates of survival and favorable neurological outcomes [1, 2]. The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends mild therapeutic hypothermia after ROSC for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with an initial documented rhythm of ventricular fibrillation (class I, level of evidence B) [3]. International resuscitation guidelines also support mild therapeutic hypothermia as the best medical practice for shockable rhythms in patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia after ROSC [4].

Herein, we wish to notify the readers on a case of therapeutic hypothermia after ROSC in a young man associated with favorable neurologic outcome and survival. A 34-year-old electrical worker is brought to the emergency department (ED) by co-workers having been injured by electrical strike at work. On arrival in the ED, he had a Glasgow coma score (GCS) of 3/15 and dilated sluggish pupils. Additionally, there were no heartbeats or respiration. Cardiac monitoring revealed ventricular fibrillation and the patient received treatment with 150-J biphasic waveform shock. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was immediately instituted after the shock. After 2 min of CPR, ROSC was achieved and his rhythm has restored to sinus rhythm. Neither epinephrine nor antidysrhythmic agents were administered. He was resuscitated succesufully but yet remained comatose after CPR at the ED, following vital signs: GCS 8, heart rate 110/min, and blood pressure 80/50 mm Hg. Advanced cardiac life support measures were initiated (i.e., controlled intravenous fluid support, administration of dopamine, adequate oxygenation, and support of respiration with bag ventilation) following ROSC in the ED. Furthermore, therapeutic hypothermia protocol was started immediately with ice packs in the ED to decrease the patient’s temperature below 34 °C. Two hours after admission to the ED, he was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) for optimal care. Therapeutic cooling was maintained for 24 h by gel-circulation cooling pads (temperature management system; Artric Sun® 5000) in the ICU, and the patient was discharged home with mild neurologic deficit on ICU day 20.

Therapeutic hypothermia is associated with favorable neurologic outcome and survival in patients who have experienced cardiac arrest and resuscitated succesufully, as it was in the present case. This therapy should be started as quickly as possible in post-cardiac arrest care patients, particularly with shockable cardiac arrest rhythms.

Disclosure

I have no conflict of interest and there is no source of funding.


References▴Top 
  1. Oddo M, Schaller MD, Feihl F, Ribordy V, Liaudet L. From evidence to clinical practice: effective implementation of therapeutic hypothermia to improve patient outcome after cardiac arrest. Crit Care Med. 2006;34(7):1865-1873.
    pubmed
  2. Lundbye JB, Rai M, Ramu B, Hosseini-Khalili A, Li D, Slim HB, Bhavnani SP, et al. Therapeutic hypothermia is associated with improved neurologic outcome and survival in cardiac arrest survivors of non-shockable rhythms. Resuscitation. 2012;83(2):202-207.
    doi pubmed
  3. Peberdy MA, Callaway CW, Neumar RW, Geocadin RG, Zimmerman JL, Donnino M, Gabrielli A, et al. Part 9: post-cardiac arrest care: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Circulation. 2010;122(18 Suppl 3):S768-786.
    doi pubmed
  4. Kumar S, Ewy GA. The hospital's role in improving survival of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Clin Cardiol. 2012;35(8):462-466.
    doi pubmed


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