Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Hypertension: Methodological Considerations and Clinical Implications

Pasquale Palmiero, Annapaola Zito, Maria Maiello, Matteo Cameli, Pietro Amedeo Modesti, Maria Lorenza Muiesan, Salvatore Novo, Pier Sergio Saba, Pietro Scicchitano, Roberto Pedrinelli, Marco Matteo Ciccone

Abstract


The assessment of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function should be an integral part of a routine examination of hypertensive patient; indeed when LV diastolic function is impaired, it is possible to have heart failure even with preserved LV ejection fraction. Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) occurs frequently and is associated to heart disease. Doppler echocardiography is the best tool for early LVDD diagnosis. Hypertension affects LV relaxation and when left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) occurs, it decreases compliance too, so it is important to calculate Doppler echocardiography parameters, for diastolic function evaluation, in all hypertensive patients. The purpose of our review was to discuss about the strong relationship between LVDD and hypertension, and their relationship with LV systolic function. Furthermore, we aimed to assess the relationship between the arterial stiffness and LV structure and function in hypertensive patients.




J Clin Med Res. 2015;7(3):137-144
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2050w

Keywords


Left ventricular; Diastolic function; Diastolic dysfunction; Hypertension

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