Combination Therapy With Adalimumab Plus Intensive Granulocyte and Monocyte Adsorptive Apheresis in Patients With Refractory Ulcerative Colitis

Satoshi Tanida, Tsutomu Mizoshita, Hirotada Nishie, Keiji Ozeki, Takahito Katano, Eiji Kubota, Hiromi Kataoka, Takeshi Kamiya, Takashi Joh

Abstract


Background: The efficacy and safety of combination therapy with adalimumab (ADA) plus intensive granulocyte and monocyte adsorptive apheresis (GMA) (two sessions per week) for the treatment of refractory ulcerative colitis (UC) have not been previously evaluated.

Methods: This retrospective study evaluated the 10-week efficacy of combination therapy with ADA plus intensive GMA on refractory UC patients, on clinical outcomes over 52 weeks under subsequent maintenance monotherapy of ADA, and the effect of combined azathioprine (AZA) with ADA at failure to achieve clinical remission at 10 weeks and at flare-up by 52 weeks. Ten patients were given initial combination therapy of ADA (160/80/40 mg every other week) plus intensive GMA. One patient received total colectomy because of poor response.

Results: Of nine patients who received this combination therapy, 55.6% displayed cumulative clinical remission at 10 weeks and 33.3% displayed such remission at 52 weeks under subsequent maintenance monotherapy of ADA. The percentage of patients with mucosal healing at 10 weeks (endoscopy subscore ≤ 1) was 66.7%. Adverse events were observed in three patients (pneumonia, cerebral infarction and headache).

Conclusion: It was concluded that combination therapy with ADA plus intensive GMA is useful for induction of clinical remission in refractory UC patients, and is well tolerated.




J Clin Med Res. 2015;7(11):884-889
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jocmr2333w


Keywords


Ulcerative colitis; Clinical remission; Mucosal healing; Long-term efficacy

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