Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, ISSN 1918-3003 print, 1918-3011 online, Open Access
Article copyright, the authors; Journal compilation copyright, J Clin Med Res and Elmer Press Inc
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Case Report

Volume 8, Number 3, March 2016, pages 260-262

Spontaneous Pneumothorax With Subcutaneous Emphysema: A Rare Complication of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection


Figure 1.
Figure 1. Chest X-ray with left-sided pneumothorax and cervical subcutaneous emphysema.


Table 1. Summary of Reported Cases of Spontaneous Air Leaks Associated With Acute Bronchiolitis/Lower Viral Respiratory Infection in Children
AuthorCase No.Age (months)SexPast medical historyType of air leakTime of presentation (days)PathogenManagement
PNM: pneumomediastinum; PNO: pneumothorax; PT: preterm; RSV: respiratory syncytial virus; SE: subcutaneous emphysema.
Lipinski and Goodman [6]18FNot reportedPNO3Not reportedChest drain
Pollack [7]14FIrrelevantPNO + PNM1RSVNeedle aspiration
Hopkins et al [8]114MIrrelevantSE2RSVConservative
Tutor et al [9]19FIrrelevantPNM + SE10Influenza AConservative
Alter [10]14MNot reportedPNO2Not reportedVentilation, chest drain
Piastra et al [11]26FNot reportedPNO + SE2RSVConservative
11FEx-28/40 (no CLDI)PNO42465RSVConservative
Kambouri et al [12]15FNot reportedPNO7RSVNeedle aspiration
Given et al [13]310MEx-PT 30/40 (no CLDI)PNO4Parainfluenza 3Conservative
5FIrrelevantPNO3Not identifiedConservative
24MIrrelevantPNM + SE3RSVConservative
Ursic et al [14]120FEx-PT 27/40 (no CLDI)SENot reportedBocavirusVentilation
Odek et al [15]18FIrrelevantPNO3RSVChest drain, ventilation
Actual case121FEx-PT 35/40 (no CLDI)
Slight pulmonary valve stenosis
PNO + SE7RSVChest drain