Improvement of Diurnal Blood Pressure Variation by Azilsartan

Keisuke Okamura, Kazuyuki Shirai, Tetsu Okuda, Hidenori Urata

Abstract


Background: Azilsartan is an angiotensin II receptor blocker with a potent antihypertensive effect.

Methods: In a multicenter, prospective, open-label study, 265 patients with poor blood pressure control despite treatment with other angiotensin II receptor blockers were switched to 20 mg/day of azilsartan (patients on standard dosages) or 40 mg/day of azilsartan (patients on high dosages).

Results: Blood pressure was 149/83 mm Hg before switching and was significantly reduced from 1 month after switching until final assessment (132/76 mm Hg, P < 0.001). The pulse rate was 72/min before switching and increased significantly from 3 months after switching until final assessment (74/min, P < 0.005). A significant decrease of home morning systolic and diastolic pressure was observed from 1 and 3 months, respectively. Home morning blood pressure was 143/82 mm Hg before switching and 130/76 mm Hg at final assessment (P < 0.01). The morning-evening difference of systolic blood pressure decreased from 14.6 to 6.6 mm Hg after switching (P = 0.09). The estimated glomerular filtration rate was significantly decreased at 3, 6, and 12 months after switching, and serum uric acid was significantly increased at 12 months. No serious adverse events occurred.

Conclusion: Azilsartan significantly reduced the blood pressure and decreased diurnal variation in patients responding poorly to other angiotensin II receptor blockers.




J Clin Med Res. 2018;10(1):41-49
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3228w

 


Keywords


Azilsartan; Angiotensin II receptor blocker; Blood pressure variation

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