Urate-Lowering Therapy Ameliorates Kidney Function in Type 2 Diabetes Patients With Hyperuricemia

Naohiko Ueno

Abstract


Background: Hyperuricemia often causes kidney dysfunction which increases serum urate, forming a vicious cycle in the kidney. In this study, urate-lowering therapy was demonstrated in type 2 diabetic patients with hyperuricemia to evaluate the effect on diabetic nephropathy.

Methods: Type 2 diabetic patients with hyperuricemia (n = 34) were treated by urate-lowering drugs. Serum urate levels, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), blood pressure, HbA1c, and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) were measured for 52 weeks. The parameters at the endpoint when serum urate decreased to below 6.0 mg/dL and at 52 weeks were compared to the initial levels at week 0.

Results: Serum urate level decreased to the endpoint in all patients and was maintained at under 6.0 mg/dL throughout the observation period. eGFR significantly increased at the endpoint and also at 52 weeks. Overall UACR did not change after 52 weeks; however, the treatment decreased UACR significantly in patients with no microalbuminuria. There was a negative relationship between the change of serum urate levels and the change of eGFR, and a negative relationship between the baseline UACR and the change of UACR when patients with macroalbuminuria were excluded. There were no changes in HbA1c levels and blood pressure before and after the treatment.

Conclusions: There were significant improvements in kidney function by lowering serum urate levels to under 6.0 mg/dL and the effect was maintained for at least 52 weeks. This treatment may be one strategy to slow the progression of nephropathy in type 2 diabetic patients with hyperuricemia.




J Clin Med Res. 2017;9(12):1007-1012
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr3219w


Keywords


Hyperuricemia; Estimated glomerular filtration rate; Urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio; Type 2 diabetes; Diabetic nephropathy

Full Text: HTML PDF

 

 

 

 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, monthly, ISSN 1918-3003 (print), 1918-3011 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.jocmr.org   editorial contact: editor@jocmr.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

DECLARATION: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!